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Later issues used the image of the lion without inscription. It seems probable that Electrum Staters from other City States throughout the region began in competition with the Kyzikene Staters probably in the mide Seventh Century but, with the exception of Lampsakos, by the middle of the Sixth Century most has been eclipsed by the Kyzikene Staters. Ionia, Miletus Circa 650-600 BCE or 575 - 525 BCE EL Stater (22mm, 14.00 g). NGC Graded CH AU★ Strk 5/5 surf 5/5 00 Pegasus is an entirley Greek image which encompasses the Greek notion of "Becoming" - which is to say that which is changing as opposed to that which is unchanging. Von Fritze I 145; Greenwell 2; SNG France 296; Boston MFA 1530 = Warren 1422. EL stater (22mm, 15.99 gm) Forepart of winged lion flying/ stalking left, right foreleg raised, tunny fish right / Quadripartite incuse square in "mill sail" pattern. Among the finest surviving specimensm and certainly one of the most dramatic electrum images.There are quite a few different dies from this period - some careslessly engraved and struck, others engraved with great skill. Lion reclining left, head reverted, within rectangular frame divided into smaller rectangular compartments / Central oblong punch, containing three pellets connected in Λ shape, two parallel lines, and a fox standing left; flanked by two square punches containing, respectively, a stellate pattern and a stag’s head left. This is a dialectic that informs the work of the greatest Greek philolophers from Heraclitus to Parmenides to Socrates. Very Rare and far superior to the Prospero excample that sold for ,000, beautiful complete image of Zeus and his messenger Eagle, a few minor scuffs on the obverse. NGC Graded AU strk 5/5, surf 4/5, Fine Style noted.....................,000Striking Archaic lion, roughly contemporary to the early Lions of Lydia and Miletos, though considerably more serene.Coinage was invented in the seventh century BCE in the Black Sea region northeast of Greece, where the alluvial flow of gold and silver mixed together yeilded the metal known as electrum.
Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin; the lion skin has three rays emanating from its forehead and snout / Quadripartite incuse square. The first numismatic image appears on the coinage of Lampsakos shortly thereafter. The Dionyisiac religion was later incorporated into the Sky-God religion of the Aryan speaking tribes that flooded into Macedonia and then Greece in waves starting around 1200 BCE. Facing head of Silenos, small seal/ Quadripartite incuse square punch. 43; Boston MFA –; SNG von Aulock –; BMC 3; SNG Fitzwilliam 4559. It is currently fashionable to view the Greeks as "Anthropomorphic Polytheists." Yet when Euripides (ca 480 BCE) has Hecabe (widow of Priam) pray in the "Trojan Women," she says: "Zeus, whether you be force of nature or intelligence in man..." We can see through this quote that a very specific idea of Human Intelligence is as central to Greek religion as to its art and institutions. He then set his eyes on Persia, but was murdered on the eve of his planned invasion.
Croesus of Lydia was the first king to separate the electrum to issue gold and silver coins circa 545 BCE. Darios I of Persia issued his own gold and silver coinage ca 510 BCE.
Coinage spread quickly in the early fifth century BCE through the Greek city states.
Weidauer 126; Elektron I 61; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Kayhan 440; BMC 2; Boston MFA 1882; Kraay & Hirmer 591; Traité I 19 = C. The Gorgon Medusa is initially a beautiful girl who bewitches Poseidon. Enraged, Athena turns Medusa into a hideous creature whose gaze turns all to stone. The lion was the symbol of Royalty for the Achaean hordes that invaded Black Sea Region and then Greece in waves from 1200 BCE. Very Rare late type perfectly centered with superb style, far more fluid and elegant and much rarer than the earlier 'fine style" type. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind; all within incuse square. MACEDONIA: Philip II of Macedon (359-336 BCE) inherited a war torn country from his brother Pedikas III.
Greenwell, “On some Rare Greek Coins” in Ionia, Miletus 650-550 BCE Electrum Hekte, (2.33g.) Lion reclining left, its head reverted. Two square punches containing geometric designs (SNG Kayhan 443 var; cf Weidauer 130) A remarkably detailed and complete lion in a state of preservation entirely exceptional for this rare and usually degraded issue. When Medusa is slain by Perseus, Pegasus springs from Medusa's neck, completing the circle of change from beautiful to hideous and back to beautiful. THE SIVA/SILENOS HEKTE: There is no doubt that the first wave of settlers who conquered Crete and then Greece were Siva-worshipping fertililty cultists from the Indus Valley as early as 3500 BCE. Attributed to the Sardes mint, but the striated reverse and fluid style is reminiscent of the Alexandrine darics from the Babylon mint. From his years as hostage of neighboring Thebes he learned the military strategy based on the phalanx whose manoevers were hidden by rows of warriors bearing "sarissas" - immensely long spears.